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They were permitted to retain their historic rituals and the Chaldean/Aramaic language for mass and other ceremonies.
Searching for an appropriate name to call this new Catholic rite, the Pope focused on their historic homeland, which in ancient times had been the land of the Babylonians, Assyrians, and Chaldeans.
(These figures are based on the statistical projections and estimates of Chaldean American community leaders.) This period also saw an increase in immigration to other parts of the country, particularly California.
The majority of Chaldean Americans left their homeland for economic and religious reasons.
At the time, Detroit was popular among a number of immigrant groups because of the growing automobile industry.
It also had an established Middle Eastern community during this period, consisting primarily of Christian immigrants from Lebanon.
This occurred in about 1830, when the town recognized the Roman Pontiff as the head of the Church.
While Chaldeans are believed to have immigrated to the United States as early as 1889, the first significant migration wave did not occur until around 1910, when Chaldeans began settling in metropolitan Detroit.
This division between the followers of Nestorius in the East and the Roman Church lasted until 1445, when some Chaldeans were received into the Roman Church by Pope Eugenius IV.Only later did some of them decide to migrate to the United States, or simply to North America.At the time the earliest settlers came, the United States had not yet introduced restriction on immigration, making entry relatively easy.It was also the historic homeland of the prophet Abraham, who came from Ur, a city of the Chaldeans.Hence, the Pope chose "Chaldean" as the name for the new Catholic rite.
The majority of Chaldean Americans live in Detroit, Michigan, although there are also Chaldean Americans in Chicago, Illinois; El Cajon, San Jose, and Turlock, California; and Oaxaca, Mexico. According to statistical projections from previous data on the Chaldean American community, however, it is estimated that Chaldeans in the Detroit metropolitan area may number as many as 70,000 to 80,000; in California they are projected at 2,000 to 3,000 persons.